Gialli have been noted for their strong cinematic technique, with critics praising their editing , production design , music and visual style even in the marked absence of other facets usually associated with critical admiration as gialli frequently lack characterization , believable dialogue, realistic performances and logical coherence in the narrative. Gialli are frequently associated with strong technical cinematography and stylish visuals.
Critic Maitland McDonagh describes the visuals of Profondo rosso Deep Red as, "vivid colors and bizarre camera angles, dizzying pans and flamboyant tracking shots, disorienting framing and composition, fetishistic close-ups of quivering eyes and weird objects knives, dolls, marbles, braided scraps of wool Directors Dario Argento and Mario Bava are particularly known for their impressionistic imagery and use of lurid colors, though other giallo directors notably Lucio Fulci employed more sedate, realistic styles as well.
Music has been cited as a key to the genre's unique character;  critic Maitland McDonagh describes Profondo rosso Deep Red as an "overwhelming visceral experience The Psychic. Gialli often feature lurid or baroque titles, frequently employing animal references or the use of numbers.
The first giallo novel to be adapted for film was James M. Condemned by the fascist government, Obsessione was eventually hailed as a landmark of neo-realist cinema, but it did not provoke any further giallo adaptations for almost 20 years. In addition to the literary giallo tradition, early gialli were also influenced by the German " krimi " films of the early s. The Swedish director Arne Mattsson has also been pointed to as a possible influence, in particular his film Mannequin in Red.
Though the film shares stylistic and narrative similarities with later giallo films particularly its use of color and its multiple murder plot , there is no direct evidence that subsequent Italian directors had seen it. Though shot in black and white and lacking the lurid violence and sexuality which would define later gialli, the film has been credited with establishing the essential structure of the genre: in it, a young American tourist in Rome witnesses a murder, finds her testimony dismissed by the authorities, and must attempt to uncover the killer's identity herself.
Bava drew on the krimi tradition as well as the Hitchcockian style referenced in the title, and the film's structure served as a basic template for many of the gialli that would follow. It introduced a number of elements that became emblematic of the genre: a masked stalker with a shiny weapon in his black-gloved hand who brutally murders a series of glamorous fashion models. So Perverse ] in and Lucio Fulci Una sull'altra [ One on Top of the Other ] in , all of whom would go on to become major creative forces in the burgeoning genre.
But it was Dario Argento 's first feature, in , that turned the giallo into a major cultural phenomenon. That film, The Bird with the Crystal Plumage , was greatly influenced by Blood and Black Lace , and introduced a new level of stylish violence and suspense that helped redefine the genre. The film was a box office smash and was widely imitated. In , director Michele Soavi wrote, "there's no doubt that it was Mario Bava who started the 'spaghetti thrillers' [but] Argento gave them a great boost, a turning point, a new style Mario had grown old and Dario made it his own genre In English-language film circles, the term giallo gradually became synonymous with a heavy, theatrical and stylized visual element.
The giallo genre had its heyday from through The most prolific period, however, was the three-year timespan between and , during which time 65 different gialli were produced see filmography below.
Though they preceded the first giallo by a few years, German krimi films continued to be made contemporaneously with early gialli, and were also influenced by their success. As the popularity of krimis declined in Germany, Rialto Film began increasingly pairing with Italian production companies and filmmakers such as composer Ennio Morricone and director, cinematographer Joe D'Amato , who worked on later krimi films following their successes in Italy. The overlap between the two movements is extensive enough that one of Rialto's final krimi films, Cosa avete fatto a Solange?
What Have You Done to Solange? Gialli continued to be produced throughout the s and s, but gradually their popularity diminished and film budgets and production values began shrinking.
Relatives gather for the readig of a will and people begin getting killed. After Marta confesses to having killed a man, Don goes with her to help hide the body. I like to read, I want to love the story but this is making me struggle. The girls are always going on some trip somewhere and they're all very smart. Though the violence is rather tame except for one scene in particular , there is lots of nudity and sex.
The giallo cycle has had a lasting effect on horror films and murder mysteries made outside Italy since the late s. Early examples of the giallo effect can be seen in the British film Berserk! Berberian Sound Studio offers an affectionate tribute to the genre. Director Eli Roth has called the giallo "one of my favorite, favorite subgenres of film,"  and specifically cited Sergio Martino's Torso I corpi presentano tracce di violenza carnale along with the Spanish horror film Who Can Kill a Child?
There's this real ominous creepy feeling. The girls are always going on some trip somewhere and they're all very smart. They all make decisions the audience would make. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the literature and film genre. For the Dario Argento film, see Giallo film. For the Italian wine grape, see Verdicchio.
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