click here Austin Any ball that lands off of the green yet still on an imaginary line passing through the flag stick. The ball can be any distance off of the green, out to infinity, as long as it is still located on the imaginary line. Thus a player can be pin high 50 yards wide right and still claim an Austin. Back nine the last nine holes of an 18 hole golf course. Playing the back nine is called "heading in".
Backspin a reverse spin inevitably placed on any ball that becomes airborne. The spin causes the ball to climb and land softly on the green. Back swing The backward part of the swing starting from the ground and going back behind the head. Ball a small sphere used in playing golf, which is intended to be struck by a club and travel in the general direction of the green for a particular hole, if one is playing on a regulation golf course. Ball-marker a token or a small coin used to spot the ball's position on the green prior to lifting it. Ball-washer a device found on many tees for cleaning golf balls.
Banana-ball A slice that curves to the right in the shape of a banana. An extreme slice. Bandit See Sandbagger. Bare Lie When the ball lies directly on hard ground without any grass to buoy the ball up — ie where there is no grass creating a gap between ball and the ground. Applicable when practicing off hard mats. Best ball A form of team play using two, three, or four person teams. The team score on each hole is the lowest score obtained by one of the team members.
For example, if player A has a 5, player B has a 6, player C has a 4, and player D has a 5, the "best ball" and team score is a 4. BIGGA is the professional association in the United Kingdom dealing with all matters of golf management from a green keeper's viewpoint. For the U. Birdie A hole played in one stroke under par. Bisque A form of handicapping used in private match play games. The higher handicapped player is allowed to choose on which holes they receive their handicap allowance of "free shots".
As this is a matter of negotiation between the players involved there are many variations in the number of shots allowed and when before the start of the round, before playing a hole, during the play of a hole, after playing a hole the claiming of "free shot" is allowed. Bisque matches are not recognized by the rules of golf. Bite heavy backspin applied to a ball that causes it to stop quickly instead of rolling when it lands.
Depending on where the ball lands, the ball may roll backwards.
Blade term used to describe one type of iron where the weight is distributed evenly across the back of the club head as opposed to mainly around the perimeter see "cavity back". Also, describes a shot struck "thinly" with the bottom of an iron striking high up on the golf ball, causing a low trajectory shot with a lack of control.
Blast a bunker shot that sends the ball, and accompanying sand, hopefully onto the green. Also known as an "explosion". Blind a shot that does not allow the golfer to see where the ball will land, such as onto an elevated green from below. Block a shot played severely to the right; as opposed to slices, which curve from left to right, a blocked shot goes directly right.
Similar to the "push". Bogey a hole played one stroke over par. Bounce technically, the measure of the angle from the front edge of a club's sole to the point that rests on the ground when addressing the ball. Break The tendency of a putted ball to roll left or right of a straight line. This deviation may be a result of a number of factors or combination of factors including uneven surface, grain of the grass, how firmly the putt is struck or, in extreme circumstances, wind. In the United Kingdom, it is also known as "borrow".
Bullarding Playing consistently above your regular handicap or regularly failing to achieve in competition play. It is the opposite of sandbagging. Bump and run a low-trajectory shot that is intended to get the ball rolling along the fairway and up onto the green. Similar to a chip shot, but played from a greater distance. Bunker A depression in bare ground that is usually covered with sand. Also called a "sand trap". It is considered a hazard under the Rules of Golf.
Bunker, Green side A bunker next to or even in a green.
See bunker. Bunker, Fairway A bunker located on or in the fairway. Bye a short game played over the remaining holes when the main match finishes early because one player or team has won by a large margin. It serves the joint purpose of adding some competitive meaning to the rest of the holes and also for the losing side to attempt to regain some of the pride lost as a result of their humiliation in the main match.
It is usual for the loser of the bye to buy the first drinks in the 19th hole afterwards. In this respect it is an almost direct equivalent to a beer match in cricket. Caddy or Caddie A person, often paid, who carries a player's clubs and offers advice. Players are responsible for the actions of their caddies.
Players cannot receive advice from anyone other than their caddy or partner. Calcutta A wager, typically in support of one team to win a tournament. In a Calcutta golfers bid, auction style, on the team or golfer who they think will win the tournament you can bid on your own team or yourself.
All the money raised through the auction goes into an auction pool. At the end of the tournament, those who bet on the winning team or golfer that won the tournament receives a pre-determined payout from the auction pool. Carry how far the ball travels through the air. Contrasted with "run". Cart the four-wheeled electrical or gas-powered vehicle for use in transporting players and their equipment from hole to hole. Also, a hand-pulled 2-wheel or hand-pushed 3-wheel cart for carrying a bag of clubs, also available in powered versions controlled by remote.
Casual water any temporary standing water visible after a player has taken his stance. Snow and ice can also be taken as casual water, as well as water that overflows the banks of existing water hazards. Cavity back any iron whose design characteristic is such that the weight is distributed primarily around the outer edges of the club head in order to maximize forgiveness on off-center hits.
Chip a short shot typically played from very close to and around the green , that is intended to travel through the air over a very short distance and roll the remainder of the way to the hole. Chunk A swing that results in the club head hitting the ground before the ball, resulting in a large chunk of ground being taken as a divot. Also called a "fat" shot, or "chili-dipping". Clone Budget brand golf clubs that look similar to, and emulate the characteristics of, more expensive clubs without breaching any patents. Closed face when in relation to the target-line the club face is angled toward the player's body, i.
Closed stance when a player's front foot is set closer to the target-line. Used to draw the ball or to prevent a slice. Club i An implement used by a player to hit a golf ball.
A player is allowed to carry up to fourteen 14 clubs during a round of golf. Club head The part of a club that used to strike the ball. Club Face The surface of the club head which is designed to strike the golf ball. Striking the ball with the center of the clubface maximizes distance and accuracy. Clubhouse This is where play begins and ends.
The clubhouse is also your source for information about local rules, the conditions of the course, upcoming events and other essential information for the avid golfer. Normally, you can also purchase balls, clubs, clothes, and other golfing equipment at the clubhouse. Come-backer a putt required after the previous putt went past the hole. Compression the measurement for expressing the hardness of a golf ball, normally 90 compression.
Harder balls compression are intended for players with faster swings but may also be useful in windy conditions.
Condor a four-under par shot; for example, a hole-in-one on a par 5. Might also be called "a triple eagle". Course a designated area of land on which golf is played through a normal succession from hole 1 to the last hole. Course rating Course rating is a numerical value given to each set of tees at a particular golf course to approximate the number of strokes it should take a scratch golfer to complete the course.
Cross-handed putting and, occasionally, full-swing grip in which the hands are placed in positions opposite that of the conventional grip. For right-handed golfers, a cross-handed grip would place the left hand below the right. Also known as the "left-hand low" grip, it has been known to help players combat the yips. Cut i the reduction in the size of the field during a multiple round stroke play tournament. The cut is usually set so that a fixed number of players, plus anyone tied for that place, or anyone within a certain number of strokes of the lead will participate in the subsequent round s.
Tournaments may have more than one cut. Dead TV-broadcaster slang for a shot in which there is no favorable outcome possible. Variations include "Get the body bags! Dimples The round indentations on a golf ball cover which are scientifically designed to enable the ball to make a steady and true flight.
Dimples, by reducing drag, allow a golf ball to stay in the air for a longer flight than would be possible with a smooth ball. Divot i the chunk of grass and earth displaced during a stroke. Dogballs scoring an 'eight' on any single golf hole. The origin of the term is in reference to what the number 'eight' looks like on its side. Dogleg a left or right bend in the fairway.
Dormie or Dormy A situation in match play when a player leads by as many holes as there are holes left to play. For example, 4 up with four holes to play is called "dormie 4". Double bogey a hole played two strokes over par. Double cross a shot whereby a player intends for a fade and hits a hook, or conversely, intends to play a draw and hits a slice. So called because the player has aimed left in the case of a slice and compounds this with hitting a hook, which moves left as well. Double eagle A hole played three strokes under par. Also called an Albatross.
Downswing The motion of swinging a club from the top of the swing to the point of impact. Draw A shot that, for a right-handed golfer, curves to the left; often played intentionally by skilled golfers. An overdone draw usually becomes a hook. Drive The first shot of each hole, made from an area called the tee box see definition below , usually done with a driver a type of golf club.
Duck-hook A severe low hook that barely gets airborne. Eagle A hole played in two strokes under par. Even Having a score equal to that of par. Explosion A bunker shot that sends the ball, and accompanying sand, hopefully onto the green. Also known as a "blast". Fade A shot that, for a right-handed golfer, curves slightly to the right, and is often played intentionally by skilled golfers.
An overdone fade will appear similar to a slice. Fairway The area of the course between the tee and the green that is well-maintained allowing a good lie for the ball Fairway hit FH A fairway is considered hit if any part of the ball is touching the fairway surface after the tee shot on a par 4 or 5. Percentage of fairways hit is one of many statistics kept by the PGA Tour. Fairway markers Fairway markers indicate the distance from the marker to the center of the green.
Some fairway markers give the yardage. These colors are not standardized and may vary based on the specific course layout. Fat A stroke in which the club makes contact with the turf long before the ball resulting in a poor contact and significant loss of distance.
Flag stick A tall marker, often a metal pole with a flag at the top, used to indicate the position of the hole on a green. Also called the "pin". An additional smaller flag, or other marker, is sometimes positioned on the flag stick to indicate the location of the hole front, middle, or back on the green. Flier a type of lie where the ball is in the rough and grass is likely to become trapped between the ball and the club face at the moment of impact. Flier lies often result in "flier shots", which have little or no spin due to the blades of grass blocking the grooves on the club face and travel much farther than intended.
Flop shot a short shot, played with an open stance and an open club face, designed to travel very high in the air and land softly on the green. The flop shot is useful when players do not have "much green to work with", but should only be attempted on the best of lies. Phil Mickelson is a master of the flop shot. Fore A warning shout given when there is a chance that the ball may hit other players or spectators.
Four Ball In match play, a contest between two sides, each consisting of a pair of players, where every individual plays his own ball throughout. On every hole, the lower of the two partner's scores is matched against the lower of the opposition's scores. Four balls are the opening matches played on the Friday and Saturday mornings of the Ryder Cup. In stroke play, a Four Ball competition is played between several teams each consisting of 2 players, where for every hole the lower of the two partner's scores counts toward the team's 18 hole total.
Foursomes In match play, a contest between two sides each consisting of a pair of players, where the 2 partners hit alternate shots on one ball. All participants regardless of age start at the PLAYer level. The pinnacle of First Tee is completing Ace. First Tee coaches are trained to create positive relationships that inspire kids to discover their individual potential.
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Close Mobile Menu. Everybody gains confidence in seeing a nice high ball flight. Phil Mickelson is a master of the flop shot. Speed a term used to describe the pace of a putt. Golf Posture Video. To play a chip, position the ball back in your stance, put more weight on your left foot, and swing equal lengths back and through without hinging your wrists on either side. Learn how to record key performance statistics such as greens hit in regulation, fairways hit and putts per green on your scorecard.
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